IEEE referencing, named for the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, is widely used for citing sources in engineering papers and journals. But how do you cite a book with this system?\n\nIn this post, we take you through the basics of in-text citations and the reference list.\nIn-Text Citations for a Book in IEEE Referencing\nIEEE uses a numeric system to cite sources. This means giving a number in square brackets to indicate an entry in a reference list, with sources numbered in the order you cite them:\nApplication of electricity stimulated activity in the organic tissue .\nThe number here, for example, shows the reader we\u2019re citing the first source in the reference list. If we then cited the same source again, we would use the same number we did the first time.\n\nAs shown above, the citation will typically go at the end of the clause. However, when we name the author in the text, we give the citation immediately afterwards:\nIf we examine the study by Dr Frankenstein , we see interesting results.\nIn addition, IEEE allows you to give a citation in place of a name or title:\nIf we examine , we see interesting results.\nFinally, were we quoting a book directly, we would also give a page number:\nHe described seeing the \u2018dull yellow eye of the creature open\u2019 [1, p.286].\nHere, for instance, we\u2019re quoting page 286 of the book we\u2019re citing.\nListing a Book in an IEEE Reference List\nIn the reference list at the end of your document, IEEE requires you to list all sources in the order they are first cited. This is also where you provide full source information. The format to use for a book is:\n[#] INITIAL(S) Surname, Book Title, edition (if not the first), volume (if multivolume work). Place of publication: Publisher, year.\nIn practice, then, an IEEE book reference would look like this:\n V Frankenstein, Examining Novel Uses of Electricity in a Medical Setting: An Experimental Study. Geneva: Shelley Inc., 1816.\nNote the small hanging indent (roughly 0.5cm) on each line after the first.