Good academic writing will quote and reference a range of sources. But is quoting sources always the best option? We\u2019ll let you decide after reading our guide to paraphrasing.\nQuoting vs. Paraphrasing\nQuoting and paraphrasing are both ways of drawing on someone else\u2019s ideas in your writing. To quote someone, you use their exact words placed within \u2018quotation marks\u2019. This could be a single term, or it could be an entire paragraph. Quoting is most useful when:\n\n \tYou are making a point about the exact wording of something (e.g. to discuss why an author chose to use a specific term in their work)\n \tThe original text expresses something in a particularly useful way\n\nIn other cases, you might want to paraphrase a source instead. This involves expressing the same ideas you find in the source in your own words. The advantages of this are that:\n\n \tIt helps you demonstrate your understanding of the source\n \tYou can focus on the details that are most relevant to your argument\n \tYou can simplify complicated ideas to communicate them more clearly\n \tParaphrasing is often more concise than quoting a source exactly\n\nThis is especially useful as an alternative to quoting sources\u00a0at length. However, remember that you still need to cite the source you are paraphrasing, even if you don\u2019t quote it at all!\nA Guide to Paraphrasing\nThere are no specific rules about how to paraphrase something, other than being clear and concise. We do, however, have a few tips about how to approach paraphrasing a source:\n\n \tRead the source a few times and make notes to ensure that you understand it fully\n \tDecide whether to paraphrase the source text in full (i.e. explain everything in depth) or simply summarise it (i.e. pick out key details)\n \tBefore you start writing, try explaining the idea you\u2019re paraphrasing to a friend (or imagine how you would do this if there is no one else about)\n \tAfter writing, compare your paraphrased version to the original to make sure you haven\u2019t missed anything or accidentally used the same phrasing\n \tUse quotation marks and give page numbers for any important terms or phrases that you have used from the original text\n\nThis will let you show off the research you\u2019ve done without having to quote each source to do so!