You need to quote sources in academic writing. But how this works may depend on the system you\u2019re using. If you\u2019ve been asked to use MLA referencing, for example, you need to know the following rules.\r\nHow to Quote Sources in MLA\r\nQuoting a source is a good way to provide evidence of something, especially when an argument depends on the exact words of another author. If this is not the case, you may want to paraphrase the source instead (i.e. express the same idea in your own words).\r\n\r\nIf you do need to quote something, though, you should do it like this:\r\n\r\n \tPlace the quoted text within single quotation marks.\r\n \tCite the source author\u2019s surname (or source title if there is no author).\r\n \tCite the page number(s) for the quoted text.\r\n\r\nCitations go at the end of the relevant clause in parentheses, after the quotation. However, if you\u2019ve named the author in the text, you only need to give the page numbers in parentheses:\r\nThe history of clowning is \u2018long and tragic\u2019 (James 112).\r\nAccording to James, the history of clowning is \u2018long and tragic\u2019 (112).\r\nHere, for instance, we\u2019re citing page 112 of a text by James in both cases. In the second sentence, though, we name James in the text, so we don\u2019t need to repeat it in the citation. We would then give full publication information for this source, along with all cited sources, in the Works Cited list.\r\nHow to Quote Sources without Page Numbers\r\nSome sources won\u2019t have page numbers (e.g. a website or an ebook). Generally, MLA allows you to cite these sources with just the author\u2019s name. For instance, a website citation may look like this:\r\nAlbert Fratellini had \u2018dark brows and a red nose\u2019 (Malach).\r\nThe author of the web page cited here is \u2018Malach\u2019, but we do not need to give page numbers. All we need to do is give full source information, including a URL, in the Works Cited list.\r\n\r\nMLA does allow you to cite a paragraph, chapter or section number in place of a page number sometimes. But you should only do this if the numbering system is used in the source text.\r\nBlock Quotes in MLA\r\nIf you need to cite a longer passage of text, you should use a block quote. In MLA, this applies to quotes that are four lines or longer.\r\n\r\nThe rules for formatting a block quote in MLA are:\r\n\r\n \tStart the quote on a new line.\r\n \tIndent the quoted text by half an inch from the left margin.\r\n \tDo not use quote marks.\r\n \tCite the source after the final punctuation.\r\n\r\nThis will make sure the quoted text is clearly distinct from your own writing.