IEEE Referencing
Proofreading And Editing

Cite Your Sources Clearly

Introducing IEEE Referencing

The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE for short) is the largest association of technical professionals in the world. IEEE referencing, meanwhile, is the citation system the IEEE uses in its publications. It is also commonly used for academic papers in technical fields, such as computing or engineering. And if you need a proofreader who understands the IEEE system, we’re here to help.

IEEE Referencing Proofreading Services

If you’ve been asked to use IEEE referencing in a document – either in your studies or for an IEEE published journal – we can help. Our expert editors know IEEE referencing inside out, so getting your work proofread will help ensure your citations are error free.

How To Select
IEEE Referencing

When you upload a document to our system, you’ll be asked to specify a referencing system. All you need to do to pick IEEE referencing is select it from the list.

You can also provide further instructions for your editor here via the comment box.

How To Select A Referencing Style

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In-Text Citations In IEEE Referencing

IEEE is a number–note system. This means that citations are indicated with a bracketed number in the text, with each number pointing to a source in the reference list:

Traditionally, oranges have been powered by clockwork [1].

IEEE Reference Lists

IEEE referencing requires you to list all cited sources at the end of your document. This is known as a ‘reference list’. To create a standard IEEE reference list, make sure to:

  • Start your list on a new page titled ‘References’
  • List all sources in the order they are first cited (i.e. so that citation numbers in the main text match the position of the relevant text in your reference list)
  • List the names of all authors for each source, up to six names (if there are more than six names listed, use ‘et al.’ after the first author’s name)
  • Abbreviate the first names of authors to just initials
  • Italicise titles of books, periodicals, and other longer works
  • Use quote marks around titles of articles, book chapters, and other shorter works
  • Indent the text of each entry, using a hanging indent for each line after the first

For instance, the entry for a book in an IEEE reference list would look like this:

[1] S. Kubrick, A History of Mechanical Fruit. St Albans: Childwickbury Books, 1978.

For advice on other source types in IEEE, see our blog. You can also download the full IEEE Reference Guide, including information on different source types, here.

Quoting Sources In IEEE Referencing

IEEE numbers sources in the order they’re first cited, so the citation above points to the first text in the reference list. To cite the same text again, we’d simply use the same number. If you quote a source directly, moreover, you should give a pinpoint citation. To do this, provide a page number for the source after a comma in the citation:

Work has recently begun on an ‘electric orange’
[1, p.18].

Here, for example, the citation points to page 18 of the first source in the reference list.

Referencing Styles And Systems

Our expert editors can work with a range of referencing styles, including:

We can work with other referencing styles on request, too. Just let us know which system you’re using when you upload your work, and we’ll tailor our service accordingly. For more information on legal referencing styles, such as OSCOLA and AGLC, see our dedicated legal referencing page.

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