Greetings to readers in (or from) Scotland! We reserve this extra welcome for Scots in particular since today is St Andrew\u2019s Day, the feast day of Scotland\u2019s patron saint and a time for celebrating everything Scottish.\n\n\n[caption id="attachment_3312" align="aligncenter" width="353"] Including delicious, delicious haggis.(Photo: Jonathunder\/wikimedia)[\/caption]\nAnd since we\u2019re always looking for an excuse to delve into etymology here at Proofed, what better time is there to examine some interesting words of Scottish origin? How many of the following do you know?\n\n1. Bard\nThese days, a \u2018bard\u2019 is usually an esteemed author or poet, making 'bard' a term of praise. But the Scottish Gaelic word that \u2018bard\u2019 comes from was an insult for an itinerant musician, typically a troublemaker.\nThis appeals to us, as we like to think of Shakespeare, often known as the Bard of Avon, as a more mischievous soul than he probably was.\n\n2. Gloaming\n\u2018Gloaming\u2019 means \u2018dusk\u2019 or \u2018twilight\u2019. Pleasingly, it also sounds exactly how we imagine the setting sun would sound if the sun setting made a sound.\n\n\n[caption id="attachment_3311" align="aligncenter" width="400"] 'What's that gloaming noise?''Just the sun setting. Nothing to worry about.'[\/caption]\nA version of this word (\u2018glomung\u2019) was used in Old English. But it fell out of use in England before being reintroduced by Robert Burns, among other Scottish writers, after 1785. And that makes it Scottish enough for us!\n\n3. Pernickety\n\u2018Pernickety\u2019 (or \u2018persnickety\u2019 in American English) is a fun word that means 'precise or fastidious over details'. In addition, this term is a variation of the Scots \u2018pernicky\u2019, the origins of which are unknown.\n\n4. Shindig\nA \u2018shindig\u2019 is a raucous party and a modification of the older term \u2018shindy\u2019, which referred more generally to a ruckus or brawl.\nThe origins of \u2018shindy\u2019 are more obscure, but could lie in the traditional Scots sport of shinty, which is little like a cross between hockey and hurling.\n\n\n[caption id="attachment_3310" align="aligncenter" width="300"] Balancing a ball on a stick seems like a complicated way of getting it from A to B.(Photo: Alasdair Middleton\/wikimedia)[\/caption]\nIncidentally, if you suspect the stereotypes of Scottish people being hardy are false, we suggest watching this video of a shinty goalkeeper saving a shot with his head. You will never doubt the toughness of Scots again.\n\n5. Tattie-Bogle and Bodach-Rocais\nProbably the most obscure words in this list, \u2018tattie-bogle\u2019 and \u2018bodach-rocais\u2019 are both Scottish terms for a scarecrow. In fact,\u00a0\u2018bodach-rocais\u2019 literally translates as \u2018old man of the rooks\u2019.\n\n\n[caption id="attachment_3309" align="aligncenter" width="347"] The sporran earns this guy bonus Scottish points.(Photo: Elliott Simpson)[\/caption]\n'Tattie-bogle', meanwhile, combines two words: \u2018tattie\u2019 (meaning \u2018potato\u2019, since potato farming was common in Scotland) and \u2018bogle\u2019 (meaning \u2018ghost\u2019). However, we're not sure if the second term is because tattie-bogles are scary or because they stop spirits from stealing the potatoes.\n\n6. Trousers\nAlthough it is now a common word in English, \u2018trousers\u2019 has origins in the Scottish and Irish Gaelic word \u2018triubhas\u2019, which meant \u2018close-fitting shorts\u2019. This later became \u2018trouze\u2019, and then \u2018trousers\u2019.\nIn the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, these were considered a peculiarly Celtic item of clothing. This might seem odd to modern readers, as the Scottish are now far more widely associated with kilts than trousers!\n\n\n[caption id="attachment_3308" align="aligncenter" width="401"] Trousers or kilts? Both a bit Scottish, in an etymological sense.[\/caption]\nExpert Proofreading Services\nThat's all of our Scottish words for now. But if you have a favourite term with Scottish roots, let us know in the comments below. And if you'd like any help proofreading a document, give our services a try for free today.