The term \u2018AGLC\u2019 should be familiar to anyone studying law in Australia, but in case you don\u2019t know, it stands for the Australian Guide to Legal Referencing. It also sets out standards for citing legal sources in academic writing, so it\u2019s quite handy to know how AGLC works.\n\nPreviously, we\u2019ve covered how to cite cases and unreported judgments. Today, we look at citing legislation.\nCiting an Act\nAGLC uses superscript numbers (e.g. 1, 2, 3) and footnotes to indicate citations. The information required in a footnote to cite an Act of legislation is:\n\n\n\n\nShort Title of Act\n\n\nYear\n\n\n(Jurisdiction)\n\n\nPinpoint\n\n\n\n\nNavigation Act\n\n\n2012\n\n\n(Cth)\n\n\ns 14.\n\n\n\n\nThe short title and year are italicised because they stand in for the full title (the long title of the Navigation Act 2012, for example, is An Act relating to maritime safety and the prevention of pollution of the marine environment, and for related purposes).\n\n[caption id="" align="aligncenter" width="295"] [Photo: Simon East][\/caption]The jurisdiction of an Act is given in parentheses. The correct abbreviation will depend on where the legislation was enacted, but \u2018Cth\u2019 is the one to use for Commonwealth Acts.\n\nFinally, the pinpoint is the specific section of an Act you\u2019re citing. This isn\u2019t always necessary, but you should provide a pinpoint if your argument depends on a particular part of the Act being cited.\nCiting a Bill\nA Bill is a draft of an Act of Parliament, so the information required to cite a Bill is very similar to citing an Act. The only difference is that the short title and year are not italicised when citing a Bill, so make sure to double-check this.\nSubsequent Citations\nWhen citing the same source twice in succession, AGLC uses \u2018ibid\u2019 (a Latin term meaning \u2018in the same place\u2019). If you\u2019re citing a different section of the act, you should give a new pinpoint citation as well:\nNavigation Act 2012 (Cth) s 14.\n2. Ibid\n3. Ibid s 23.\nFor non-consecutive repeat citations, meanwhile,\u00a0 AGLC uses a shortened title plus a cross reference to the first footnote where the source is cited. The shortened title should be given at the end of the first citation:\n1. Navigation Act 2012 (Cth) s 14 (\u2018Navigation\u2019).\n2. Ruben Stein, Australian Law in Context (Lawbook, 2012).\n3. Navigation (n 1) s12.\nIn the above, for instance, we have the full source information in the first footnote, including a shortened title. So when we cite it again in the third footnote, we only have to use the shortened title and a bracketed number to show the reader where the source is first cited. We then give a pinpoint citation to show that we\u2019re citing a different part of the act.\nBibliography\nAs well as footnote citations, AGLC requires all cited sources to be listed in a bibliography at the end of your document. Within this, Acts and Bills should be listed alphabetically under the heading \u2018Legislation\u2019.\n\nThe information required for Acts and Bills in a bibliography is the same as in the first footnote, but without a pinpoint reference or a full stop. For example, the Navigation Act 2012 would appear simply as:\nNavigation Act 2012 (Cth) s 14\nWe hope that helps! But feel free to get in touch if you need further advice.